What is "fake?"
- It can't be verified or found on reputable sites
- Makes an emotional appeal
- Authors are not experts
- Fake news links back to fake or disreputable sites
Satire is a technique employed by writers to expose and criticize foolishness and corruption of an individual or a society by using humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule. It intends to improve humanity by criticizing its follies and foibles. A writer in a satire uses fictional characters, which stand for real people, to expose and condemn their corruption.
How do you know?
FactCheck.org Is a nonpartisan, nonprofit “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. FactCheck.org is a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. The APPC was established by publisher and philanthropist Walter Annenberg to create a community of scholars within the University of Pennsylvania that would address public policy issues at the local, state and federal levels.
- Consider the source
- Is it a credible author with expertise in the field?
- Be prepared to dig a little deeper into the credntials of the author and verify that expertise, and check for bias that could undermine credibility
- Is it a credible publication with ediotiral oversight?
- Read beyond the headline
- Read past the "shocking headline" to more fully evaluate the argument and the sources of the information
- What is the support?
- Are there other organizations or authorities cited? Are they supportive of the information? Is the source endorsed by other credible organization?
- Check your own bias
- Are you more apt to believe a source because it reflects your own personal bias? Be prepared to double-check the source even more rigorously to make sure you are not endorsing or sharing inaccurate information
- Consult experts
The Evolution of News and Strategies to Evaluate and Share
Where does fake news come from?
There are financial incentives!
Shane earned over $100,000 in advertising revenue from a completely bogus story, on his fake site.
People from other nations are earning money from fake news as well. This is the story of a teenager from Macedonia who is cashing in on click bait revenue from his fake site.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Thanks to Indiana University East Library for some of the content on this page